Brincat Pianos

What is a Piano made of?

* The Back: The posts should be heavy and strong enough to provide adequate support in proportion to the rest of the piano.

* The Soundboard: A wooden board at the back of the instrument which translates the vibrations of the strings into the "tone" of the piano. The soundboard is one of the vital parts of the piano. A cracked soundboard can make a piano sound unappealing.

* Plate: An irregularly-shaped piece of cast iron bolted to the back of the frame. It holds one end of the piano strings, and anchors most of the twenty tons of pull exerted by the taut strings.

  1. *Treble and bass bridges: Another of the piano's vital organs. These long pieces of hard maple are attached to the soundboard, transferring to it the vibrations of the strings.

  2. * When we refer to the "strung back," we mean the parts just discussed plus the strings. The bass strings are wound with wire to add weight and reduce the frequency at which the string vibrates. This allows the use of relatively short strings to produce deeper notes.

  3. *The working section of the piano is called the action. There are about 7,500 parts here, all playing a role in sending the hammers against the strings when keys are struck.

  4. *Piano hammers are formed of one or two layers of felt forged onto a wooden hammer molding under tremendous pressure.

  5. * The piano keys rest in the key bed, a perfectly flat well in the front of the cabinet that keeps the keys level. Each key is balanced by a center pin, and "bushed" with fine wool for silence and proper clearance. The "ivories" are not ivory anymore, but a fine molded plastic that won't crack or turn yellow. The black keys are made of a similar material.

  6. *Most pianos have three pedals, but most pianists need only two. The sustaining "damper" pedal on the right lifts the dampers (which in a resting position prevent the strings from vibrating) away from the strings so that the tone is sustained after the keys are released.

  7. * The pedal on the left, called una corda, mutes the tone by shortening the distance the hammers travel or by shifting the action slightly so fewer strings are hit. Many pianos have a third pedal for sustaining bass tones only. On most grand pianos and some uprights, the third pedal is a sostenuto, which sustains selected tones at the pianist's discretion.

    * Finally, there's the cabinet, that handsome piece of furniture which will take a prominent place in your decor. Modern cabinets are made of core stock overlaid with thin veneers of fine furniture wood. Many grains and finishes are available and modern finishing techniques assure excellent appearance and easy care for years.

  • What is a Piano made of?

  • What is a Piano made of?

  • What is a Piano made of?